When farming rabbits it is always worthwhile looking at all marketing opportunities. A no-fuss, farm-bred, dual-purpose chicken . The Dexter cattle breed is well established in South Africa. The original Simmental/Fleckvieh from Switzerland is a prime example. These are Holstein-Friesland, Jersey, Guernsey, Ayrshire, Swiss (Brown- and Dairy-), and Dairy Shorthorn. Statistics on beef and dual- purpose breeds of stud cattle with more than 1000 registered females older than two … The Illumina OvineSNP50 BeadChip was used to genotype 400 sheep belonging to 14 breeds representing mutton, pelt and mutton and wool dual‐purpose breeds. A hybrid of different Indian and later European cattle breeds, they were introduced by Bantu-speaking tribes ( Nguni people) to Southern Africa during their migration from the North of the continent. Dairy R&D in SA Cross breeding Jersey with Angus for dual purpose production in smallholder systems. In the early days of farming, before the horse became the main power source, cattle provided draught power so cattle were in fact triple-purpose. Not only are they a dual-purpose breed for beef and dairy, but in the past they were also used for draught. By Lloyd Phillips. A Nguni cow herd of the Makhathini ecotype. Simmentaler Cattle Breeders Society of South Africa The Simmentaler of Southern Africa is a dual purpose animal possessing a great measure of good beef and milk producing characteristics. The special characteristics are … The Fleckvieh breed was introduced by Fleckvieh Genetics East Africa (FGEA) from South Africa in 2009. The most popular breeds are the Holstein (Friesland), the Jersey, and the Ayrshire, but there are other breeds like the Guernsey, Milk Shorthorn, S.A. The cattle breed is medium-sized and adapted to grazing on the highveld . The Bonsmara Cattle Breeders' Society : The Society was founded in 1964 and within 20 years has become the biggest of all beef and dual purpose breeds in South Africa. The two races can cross breed, and the crosses can be very productive both in terms of growth rates for beef, improved milk production as well as disease resistance. South Devon cattle were first imported into South Africa in 1897, and the South Devon Cattle Breeders’ Society of SA was founded in Pietermaritzburg in 1914. In Africa there are two main races of Cattle: Bos indicus (cattle with humps) including the Boran, Sahiwal and Zebu cows (indigenous) and the Bos taurus (exotic or imported breeds).The two races can cross breed, and the crosses can be very productive both in terms of growth rates for beef, improved milk production as well as disease resistance. The dual-purpose Merino is also called the German Merino and was used to develop other sheep breeds such as the Dormer and Dohne Merino. These are Holstein-Friesland, Jersey, Guernsey, Ayrshire, Swiss (Brown- and Dairy-), and Dairy Shorthorn. Found in ancient cave drawings dated 7,000 years ago in France. South Africa Online (Pty) Ltd. SouthAfrica.co.za. South African Mutton Merino. breeds that have been farmed for centuries in South Africa [1]. Heifers mature early and calve at an early age. The breed is a dual-purpose animal with a dairy focus. The Nguni cattle breed is special to Southern Africa. Data from the National Dairy Cattle Performance and It lays enough eggs and is also sufficiently broody. Not in the specialist dairy industry, as the pressure is on for more and more efficiency - more fat, protein, litres at a lower body weight. Since then the Braunvieh has become the breed that, over a thirty-year period, has won South-Africa phase C performance testing the most times – a standardised test where bulls from different breeds are evaluated and subjected to various body measurements under the same conditions over a predetermined period, to determine factors such as their average daily gain and feed conversion ratio. They are excellent mothers. Bulls that do not meet the minimum performance standards in phase C performance testing are castrated and Braunvieh SA only allows top bulls with above average scores to be branded with their mark and be registered with SA Studbook. These breeds … A world renown dual-purpose cattle breed arrives in Kenya today. Eighteen years later, the South African Braunvieh Cattle Breeders’ Society, Braunvieh SA for short, was founded to protect and promote the interests of Braunvieh producers in the country. The first animals that arrived here were typical of the British breed at that stage: a large, dual-purpose animal. Tyrol Grey. Dual Purpose breeds are used only for beef in the United States. Beef (meat of … During the mid-20th century, Afrikaner cat-tle were crossbred with Bos taurus breeds that originated from Europe such as Hereford and Shorthorn to develop the Bonsmara breed [1]. From South Africa, bos indicus characteristics, largest breed in Africa, they gain weight on poor feed. Africander. Considered to be one of the oldest and most genetically pure of all of the European breeds. Tharparkar cow is also known as White Sindhi, Cutchi, and Thari. Eggs: A Maran will lay around 200 eggs a year. The name “Koekoek” describes a colour pattern rather than a breed. Braunvieh are dual-purpose cattle, first imported to South Africa in 1907 as part of a cross-breeding programme initiated by the Department of Agriculture to improve the indigenous breeds and produce cattle suited for the cold highlands in South Africa. Natal Game is an unusual breed In this respect, the Braunvieh outperforms other breeds due to its walking and foraging ability and the high-quality milk produced from veld forage. ENGLISH AFRIKAANS. These eggs are a vibrant dark brown colour and are medium sized. In those years, the breed, thanks to its exceptional qualities, distinguished itself by resulting in a marked improvement of all the breeds with which it was crossed, resulting in accelerated growth, good muscling and excellent conformity in offspring. Santa Gertrudis. Enquiries? The Fleckvieh breed is a low maintenance dual-purpose breed which produces milk steadily for 305 days without decline in yield,” said Gerard Besseling, who is also the FGEA's managing director. The Potchefstroom Koekoek is specifically suited for South African conditions. Dual-purpose breeds include many of the Zebu breeds of India such as Tharparkar and Ongole Cattle. This gives them time to grow into a full adult pelt (fur) before slaughter. The first Braunvieh bulls were imported to South Africa in 1907 as part of a crossbreeding program initiated by the Department of Agriculture, to breed cattle fitted for the cold highlands of South Africa. The wool can also be plucked or gently pulled from the rabbit when it is in a full moult. They breed well and are excellent mothers. These are breeds that provide both meat and milk. On 2 April 1925 the Braunvieh Breeders Association was founded to … 051 410 0967 E-mail Us . It’s a dual-purpose breed … Having black fur means they must never be in the direct sun as this changes the colour to a rusty brown and spoils the coat. The females were farmed for milk and the unwanted males and cull … The breed originates from a dual-purpose population from eastern Switzerland but was later selected for dairy traits. Cattle that scored less than 80 out of 100 were rejected, as acknowledged by the Braunvieh Cattle Breeders Society of South Africa. Many characteristics need to be documented or even recorded. ... South America, Australia and New Zealand, as well as South Africa and the USA. In the fifties the then South West Africa that had no dairy cattle produced on average of 9,2 million pounds of butter and 367 300 pounds of cheese per year. Minor breeds are of local or regional importance and some of them are endangered. They are not bred for meat production but for wool production. The animals most often included under the term are the Western or European domesticated cattle as well as the Indian and African domesticated cattle. There are a number of sheep breeds in South Africa that include wool sheep, dual-purpose breeds and mutton breeds. Through breeding and selection, this breed is now considered uniquely South African. The breed is also known by some other names such as N’Dama Petite (Senegal), Mandingo (Liberia), Boenca or Boyenca (Guinea-Bissau), Malinke, Futa, Fouta Malinke, Fouta Longhorn, Fouta Jallon etc.. N’Dama cattle were imported to the Caribbean Island of Saint Croix from Senegal in the 19th century, and later crossed with Red Poll cattle to form the Senepol cattle breed. Beef production in South Africa has a rich heritage, with cattle being used in the past and even today for different reasons in various cultures throughout the country. South African Mutton Merino . Color may vary from dark red to cream, spread about the body in random patterns. Dairy type like specialised dairy breeds (referring to Swiss Fleckvieh (code SF) with over 55% Red Holstein blood and the French Montebeliard breed); Dual purpose but major emphasis on milk; Truly dual-purpose (all cows are milked and bulls excel in weight gain); Moderate beef type (suckler, extensive ranching with moderate to small frame size); Most of them were bred in this country. In the case of beef cattle, the 10 most popular breeds were: Bonsmara, Brahman, Nguni, Beefmaster, Simmentaler, Santa Gertrudis, Angus, Simbra, Drakensberger and Afrikaner. The most promising dairy breeds of African zebu are probably Kenana and Butana, both originating from Central Sudan. Other breeds, such as Simmentaler, Red Poll, Dexter and South Devon are occasionally seen in the milking parlour. … Read more Public support is needed to maintain the specific advantages of these breeds for a sustainable cattle production. The breed originated in the 18th century in the southern Tyrol region of Austria, an area that now forms part of Italy, and is a cross of the Eringer breed and the local spotted red cattle. Natal Game is an unusual breed The Potchefstroom Koekoek is a composite of the White Leghorn, Black Australorp and Barred Plymouth Rock. Dual purpose chicken breeds are suited for both egg and meat production. Results of the national cattle survey undertaken in South Africa, with emphasis on beef M.M. Silver foxes are a well established breed in South Africa and carry a beautiful black fur ticked on the sides with long silvery white hairs. It is reddish in colour with white markings, and is raised for both milk and meat. Some European dual-purpose breeds, derived from the Simmental breed, are also currently being milked in South Africa. Ayrshire. In South Africa where it was introduced in 1895, the Simmental is used both for dairy-meat or dual purpose production, and for pure beef breeding often in crosses with hardier tropical breeds. Angoras come in many colours but require hard work; they need to be brushed and groomed regularly to prevent the wool from matting and must be kept in wire cages above the ground. Cattle carcasses vary in chemical composition much more than milk does, depending on breed, sex, age, level of nutrition, etc. In some cases the origin of the breeds is known, but not in all of them. Dairy Swiss, Dexter, and the Simmentaler which are less popular in S.African dairy farming. However, for the small farmer on a lifestyleblock we should look at them again. “We have inseminated various cows for cross breeding all over the country. Locally developed dual purpose meat and white wool breed. They breed well and are excellent mothers. “When it comes to male fertility, Pinzgauers possess the two most important qualities in a breeding bull: High sperm count and … Dual Purpose:breeds selected for both beef and dairy production in their native areas, mostly continental Europe, and combinations of beef and dairy breeds. 2.2 Sheep and goats. It is a dual-purpose bird that is highly suited for free range conditions. It would be necessary to invest in a spinning wheel and in spinning lessons but once learned this craft can provide a very good living for the crafter or farmer. Box 506, Bloemfontein 9300 E-mail: [email protected] Contact: Mrs Magda Boukes Telephone: 051 410 0900 Fax: 051 410 0935 The erosion of indigenous livestock breeds in southern Africa is cause for concern as the animals provide a significant contribution to the rich biodiversity of the region. All Rights Reserved. In the America, Australasia, certain "new European Simmental countries" and Africa the breed is mainly used for beef production. As one travels around the world it is easy to see why Fleckvieh have maintained such a presence in the beef cattle industry. Guernsey. In Africa there are two main races of Cattle: Bos indicus (cattle with humps) including the Boran, Sahiwal and Zebu cows (indigenous) and the Bos taurus (exotic or imported breeds). June 10, 2010 at 2:36 pm While a fast-paced urban lifestyle is behind the need for commercial high-producing poultry breeds, a market exists in rural areas for a no-fuss, dual-purpose chicken. Although when farming on a large commercial scale it is most common to use the large breeds such as New Zealand Whites and Californians, it is often more profitable to look at medium-sized dual-purpose rabbits when farming on a small scale. Sustainable farming requires far less bought-in feed, as the rabbits are fed mainly on hay and greens from the vegetable and herb garden, they grow far more slowly than commercially-fed animals. They are the other part of “exotics.” Dairy: originating in western Europe and selected in Speckled Park is a new breed from Canada that is turning heads: great temperament and great meat. It is a truly indigenous South African bird with bright yellow yolks. The home region of the Boran is the dry areas in Southern Ethiopia/Northern Kenya, and the breed has been widely used in improvement programmes ail over Eastern Africa, mainly for beef. Discipline: management; Smallholder farmers in the southern Cape sometimes buy pure and crossbred calves and rear them on culled dairy nurse cows. The Braunvieh has since had a dramatic impact on local cattle breeds globally, particularly due to quick growth, good muscle rations and build. Photo: SA Mutton Merino Breeders’ Society Origin of the breed Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first sheep were imported from Germany in 1932 by the South African Department of Agriculture for a breeding program at Elsenburg. The most important reason for the popularity of the Simmentaler in the first half of the previous century was its dual purpose characteristics. Marans are another dual purpose hen and are renowned for their vibrant dark brown eggs and exception meal quality. Cattle, domesticated bovine farm animals that are raised for their meat, milk, or hides or for draft purposes. Choosing the Braunvieh as the ideal dual-purpose breed In the North West bushveld, where no substantial commercial dairy industry exists, cows are commonly milked from veld or pasture. Other breeds, such as Simmentaler, Red Poll, Dexter and South Devon are occasionally seen in the milking parlour. Afrikaner, Drakensberger and Bonsmara cattle are used for beef production, while the Nguni is a dual-purpose breed that is farmed for beef and Boran has gained a good reputation as a dual-purpose breed. Hereford. For Emile, the story began when he heard of an SA Simmentaler Society project to save the nearly extinct Pustertaler breed. They are not slaughtered to provide their wool but are shorn like sheep four times per year. “We have inseminated various cows for cross breeding all over the country. Braunvieh are dual-purpose cattle, first imported to South Africa in 1907 as part of a cross-breeding programme initiated by the Department of Agriculture to improve the indigenous breeds and produce cattle suited for the cold highlands in South Africa. In South Africa, at least six breeds of cattle are recognized as being "dairy breeds". Fat content may vary from almost zero to 30 percent and more. Developed from a small nucleus of German Merino sheep, it has adapted to most environmental conditions of South Africa. Today Bonsmaras are found throughout South Africa under all possible grazing and climatical conditions. Dual purpose: Boer: South Africa; tropical, dry: Chapper: Pakistan; tropical, dry: Chegu: India; subtropical/tropical, dry: Criollo: South America; tropical, humid: Gaddi: India and Pakistan; tropical, dry: Kajli: Pakistan; tropical, humid: Khurasani: Pakistan; tropical, humid: Malabar: India; tropical, humid: Ma T’ou: China; subtropical, humid: Nigerian Dwarf: Nigeria; tropical, humid Angora rabbits are a very special breed. Dexter Cattle: Heritage Livestock Breeds ... dual-purpose household cow. South Africa Online (Pty) Ltd. SouthAfrica.co.za. Today, there are over 7 million registered Braunvieh cattle in 42 studbooks in more than 60 countries. Angus. The Tyrol Grey or Tyrolean Grey (German: Tiroler Grauvieh, Italian: Grigio Alpina) is a typical alpine cattle breed from Tyrol in Austria and South Tyrol in Italy. The Simmental is also widely used in Australia and New Zealand, with Zebu crossings in … Most British Breeds mature early and fatten on less feed. Most of the original indigenous sheep breeds have been neglected as pure breeds and breeds such as the Namakwa Afrikaner and Ronderib Afrikaner risk extinction with less than 1000 breeding animals left in South Africa. In those years, the breed, thanks to its exceptional qualities, distinguished itself by resulting in a marked improvement of all the breeds with which it was … Marans. Cattle are one of the most important sources of animal protein in the world. Silver Fox is a dual purpose breed with a black pelt. Dual-purpose breeds have an important share of milk and beef production in certain parts of the world, especially in Europe. The Potch Koekoek is a hardy dual-purpose breed. Ayrshire is one of the best dairy cattle breeds in the world. Although it is a dual purpose breed, the Pinzgauer is mainly bred for beef in South Africa. Examples of some British pure breeds: Shorthorn; Red Devon; South Devon; Red Poll; Sussex; Dexter; Kerry; Welsh Black ; How were they used? Second, is the dual purpose animal found in Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat which gives you 5-6 litres of milk and also works in the field. There are multiple continental breeds that were bred for this purpose as well. They are different breeds of dairy cattle that are farmed with in SA. It is one of the top leading cattle breeds in Pakistan and India knew for the production of milk. Cross breeding Jersey with Angus for dual purpose production in smallholder systems. The pelt from a mature rabbit gives the highest possible quality; therefore the highest price when either sold or used to produce a quality product for sale. 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