Thanh Tran, D., Haase, P., Studer, R.: Semantic search – using graph-structured semantic models for supporting the search process. AAAI Press (2007), Brewster, C., Iria, J., Zhang, Z., Ciravegna, F., Guthrie, L., Wilks, Y.: Dynamic iterative ontology learning. Semantic Web Language/Data & Ontologies & Internet & Social Phenomenon Without Social Phenomenon = Intranet Without Social Phenomenon = Semantic Data Integration New and important paradigms at their time, but „less“ outreach. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2004), pp. 4011, pp. 83–92. In the past, several groups have proposed (Semantic Web) models, such as RDFS vocabularies and OWL ontologies, to describe particular aspects of the publishing domain. Web Semant. In: Smith, M.J., Salvendy, G. 897–912. J. Corpus Linguist. In: Gómez-Pérez, A., Euzenat, J. This volume contains 8 papers on Knowledge Acquisition, 4 about Knowledge Management, 16 on Ontologies, and 6 papers about the Semantic Web. Ph.D. thesis, Universität Karlsruhe (TH) (2005). 227–238. In the past, several groups have proposed (Semantic Web) models, such as RDFS vocabularies and OWL ontologies, to describe particular aspects of the publishing domain. (eds.) However, legal professionals sometimes prefer following routines than changing their information search behavior. Springer, Heidelberg (2006). Zacharias, V., Braun, S., Schmidt, A.: Social semantic bookmarking with SOBOLEO. In: Rahman, H. (2001) have envisaged an automated medical informatics-literate personal assistant 4011, pp. Workshop on Semantic Search at Fifth European Semantic Web Conference 2008 (ESWC 2008), Tenerife. IEEE Intell. 309–318. In: Medina, R., Obiedkov, S. 270–275 (2004). In: Fensel, D., Hendler, J.A., Lieberman, H., Wahlster, W. (ed.) J. 5021, pp. 347–353. In: Veloso, M.M. Syst. In: Proceedings of the Fourth European Semantic Web Conference (ESWC 2007), Innsbruck. Methodological aspects about the engineering of ontologies are being studied, concerning both their manual construction and (semi)automated generation. (eds.) Springer, Berlin (2008), Ojo, A., Janowski, T., Estevez, E.: Semantic interoperability architecture for electronic government. MIT Press, Cambridge (2001), Witschel, H.F.: Terminology extraction and automatic indexing – comparison and qualitative evaluation of methods. Springer, Berlin (2008). 107–121. ACM, New York (2004), Zheng, G., Bouguettaya, A.: Discovering pathways of service oriented biological processes. J. Appl. Syst. Intell. Learn more in: Using Semantic Web Tools for Ontologies Construction Two standards are emerging - RIF and SWRL . 3298. 843–856. This, however, is not always beneficial. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Knowledge Capture (K-CAP 2001), Victoria, pp. : Knowledge Representation. Semantic technologies and ontologies formalize knowledge as an enabler for reasoning, with interoperable ontologies enabling reason about systems engineering across domains. Horrocks, I., Patel-Schneider, P.F., van Harmelen, F.: From SHIQ and RDF to OWL: the making of a web ontology language. (eds.) Technical report 1712. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computing and Informatics (ICOCI 2006), Kuala Lumpur (2006). (eds. Which contain a set of defined terms and each is critical to the ability to express the meaning of data. Hatala, M., Wakkary, R., Kalantari, L.: Rules and ontologies in support of real-time ubiquitous application. 31–44. (2001) have envisaged an automated medical informatics-literate personal assistant • Semantic Web aims to make web content more accessible to automated processes – Adds semantic annotations to web resources • Ontologies provide vocabulary for annotations – Terms have well defined meaning • OWL ontology language based on (description) logic – Exploits results of basic research on complexity, reasoning, etc. ACM, New York (2006). Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. Further the semantic approach promotes the idea that the information is at least partially “self-organizing.” Using URIs (Web based Uniform Resource Identifiers) and graph-based databases allows these systems to infer new information from existing information and then use that new information in the dynamic assembly of data structures. Also, OWL comes equipped with means for defining equivalence and difference between instances, classes and properties. Initiatives on “linked open data” for collaborative maintenance and evolution of community knowledge based on ontologies emerge, and the first semantic applications of Web-based ontology technology are successfully positioned in areas like semantic search, information integration, or Web community portals. : Ontology development 101: a guide to creating your first ontology. 3532, pp. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. In: Proceedings of the Second International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2003), Sanibel Island. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management (EKAW 1999), Dagstubl Castle. 3298, pp. 3532. Eng. Springer, London (2009), Kuropka, D., Tröger, P., Staab, S., Weske, M. 220–234. Emphasizing semantics in technologies, reasoning, content searching and social media, this book aims to be an essential source for practitioners, researchers and academics alike. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Handbook of Semantic Web Technologies Gu, T., Wang, X.H., Pung, H.K., Zhang, D.Q. In: Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI 2008), Patras, pp. In: Aberer, K., et al. vocabularies define the concepts and relationships (also referred to as “terms”) used to describe and represent an area of concern (eds.) Syst. Keller, U., Lara Hernandez, R., Fensel, D., Kifer, M., Polleres, A., Lausen, H., Zhao, C.: A logical framework for web service discovery. (eds. OWL is a computational logic-based language such that knowledge expressed in OWL can be exploited by computer programs, e.g., to verify the consistency of that knowledge or to make implicit knowledge … Berners-Lee et al. Not affiliated (eds.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. Google Trends can’t prove this, but the results of search volume for “Web 2.0″ against “RDF” shows a worrying state of play for the Semantic Web crowd. Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management (EKAW 2008), Acitrezza. (eds.) 575–584. Coetzee, P., Heath, T., Motta, E.: SparqPlug: generating linked data from legacy HTML, SPARQL and the DOM. 5554. pp. In: Gómez-Pérez, A., Benjamins, V.R. 117–118. In: Horn, W. Suárez-Figueroa, M.C., et al. 4933, pp. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, vol. These annotations are built on ontologies, representing domains through their concepts and the semantic relations between them. Proceedings of the Seventh International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2008), Karlsruhe. (eds.) In: Graham, R.L., Shahmehri, N. OWL, used together with an OWL reasoner in such triplestores, enables consistency checks (to find any logical inconsistencies) and ensures satisfiability checks (to find whether there are classes that cannot have instances). In: Proceedings of the IADIS Applied Computing International Conference, Lisbon (2004). (eds.) Syst. In: Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Web Information Systems Engineering (WISE 2003). Semantic technologies may be able to improve legal information search in the judicial and lawyers' domains. Springer, Heidelberg (2009), Presutti, V., Gangemi, A.: Content ontology design patterns as practical building blocks for web ontologies. Web Inf. 221–243. 135–152. ): Proceedings of the Third International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2004), Hiroshima. 3298, pp. Handbook on Ontologies. 781–784. Manag. 116 W 23rd Street, Suite 500 5109, pp. In: Mars, N.J.I. • Ontologies are the underlying component of the whole Ontobroker system. This was the second time (EKAW 2000 being the first) that the event was organized as a conference rather than as the usual workshop (hence the acronym: European Knowledge Acquisition Workshop). Suominen, O., Hyvönen, E., Viljanen, K., Hukka, E.: HealthFinland-a national semantic publishing network and portal for health information. (eds.) 1700 Sofia, Bulgaria In: Sleeman, D., Musen, M. The Semantic Web, as I envision it evolving, will not be primarily comprised of nice neat ontologies that have been carefully constructed by expert artificial intelligence researchers. 3, pp. Int. Craven, M., DiPasquo, D., Freitag, D., McCallum, A., Mitchell, T.M., Nigam, K., Slattery, S.: Learning to construct knowledge bases from the world wide web. Alexopoulou, D., et al. Kluwer, Norwell (1998), Meghini, C., Sebastiani, F., Straccia, U., Thanos, C.: A model of information retrieval based on a terminological logic. IEEE Intell. Proceedings of the Sixth International Semantic Web Conference, Second Asian Semantic Web Conference (ISWC/ASWC 2007), Busan. Dang, Q.V., Bac, C., Berger, O., Dao, X.S. 435–439. IGI Global, Hersley (2009), Haniewicz, K., Kaczmarek, M., Zyskowski, D.: Semantic web services applications – a reality check. Proceedings of the Fifth International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC 2006), Athens, GA. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 329–334. 120–126. (eds.) 6, pp. The semantic Web aims to represent the contents of Web resources in formalisms that both programs and humans can understand. In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Ontology Design (KEOD 2009), Funchal (2009), Sowa, J.F. Eng. Ontol. Springer, Heidelberg (2009), Hitzler, P., Krötzsch, M., Rudolph, S.: Foundations of Semantic Web Technologies. 723–737. Proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI 2004), Valencia, pp. The ontologies are a way to model knowledge more precisely knowledge bases. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. Kalfoglou, Y., Schorlemmer, M.: Ontology mapping: the state of the art. Brooks Cole, Pacific Grove (2000), Russel, S., Norvig, P.: Artificial Intelligence – A Modern Approach. In: Althoff, K.-D., Dengel, A., Bergmann, R., Nick, M., Roth-Berghofer, T. , Hendler, J.A., Lieberman, H., Finin, T., Pung, H.K. Zhang. 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